The Global Implications of Donald J. Trump’s Presidency: Assessing the Risks and Challenges

The election of Donald J. Trump as the 45th President of the United States has sparked a wide range of reactions, from enthusiastic support to deep concern. In the international arena, Trump’s presidency has raised questions about the future of global cooperation and governance, as well as the potential risks his policies pose to the environment and international security. This paper seeks to analyze the dangers and challenges associated with Trump’s presidency by examining his impact on the global stage through various academic disciplines.

“America First” Approach and International Cooperation

A central theme of Trump’s foreign policy has been his “America First” approach, which prioritizes American interests over those of other nations. This stance has led to a weakening of international cooperation, as Trump has withdrawn from or renegotiated various international agreements, including the Paris Climate Agreement, the Iran Nuclear Deal, and several trade agreements (Walt, 2018). The diminished commitment to multilateralism has raised concerns about the future stability of the international system and the ability of nations to collaborate on pressing global challenges (Ikenberry, 2018).

Skepticism Towards International Institutions

Trump’s presidency has also been marked by skepticism towards international institutions, such as the United Nations, NATO, and the World Health Organization. His administration has criticized these organizations as inefficient and, in some cases, has withdrawn financial support (Patrick, 2020). This skepticism has undermined the credibility and effectiveness of global governance mechanisms, with potential implications for international peace, security, and prosperity (Mearsheimer, 2019).

Environmental Challenges

Trump’s environmental policies have generated significant concerns about the long-term sustainability of the planet. His administration’s rollback of environmental regulations, promotion of fossil fuel industries, and withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement have been criticized for exacerbating climate change and undermining global efforts to address its consequences (Harrison & Sundstrom, 2020). These policies could have severe and far-reaching implications for ecosystems, human health, and global security (Peters et al., 2017).

Geopolitical Tensions

The Trump administration’s confrontational approach to foreign policy has led to increased geopolitical tensions, particularly with countries like China, Iran, and North Korea. Trump’s hardline stance on trade and security issues has escalated conflicts and fueled concerns about the potential for military confrontation (Allison, 2018). These heightened tensions threaten the stability of the international system and create an environment in which diplomatic efforts to address global challenges become increasingly difficult (Friedberg, 2018).

Erosion of Democratic Norms and Values

Trump’s presidency has also been characterized by the erosion of democratic norms and values, both domestically and internationally. His attacks on the media, embrace of authoritarian leaders, and disregard for the rule of law have raised concerns about the future of liberal democracy and its role as a guiding principle in the international system (Diamond, 2019). This erosion of democratic values could have long-lasting implications for global governance and the promotion of human rights worldwide (Plattner, 2017).


The presidency of Donald J. Trump has presented a range of dangers and challenges for the global community. His “America First” approach, skepticism towards international institutions, stance on environmental issues, confrontational foreign policy, and erosion of democratic norms and values have raised concerns about the long-term stability and sustainability of the global order. Understanding the implications of Trump’s presidency is crucial for scholars and policymakers seeking to address the associated risks and challenges. Future research should continue to analyze the impact of Trump’s policies on the international system and explore potential strategies to mitigate the negative consequences.


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Peters, G. P., Andrew, R. M., Canadell, J. G., Friedlingstein, P., Jackson, R. B., Korsbakken, J. I., … & Nakicenovic, N. (2017). Key indicators to track current progress and future ambition of the Paris Agreement. Nature Climate Change, 7(2), 118-122.

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